Sections 20 and 21

Read Doctrine and Covenants sections 20 and 21

Section 20

Man became sensual, devilish and fallen after transgressing the commandment to love, serve, and worship God (18-20)

"Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are one God" (28)
"Everlasting covenant was made between three personages before the organization of this earth, and relates to their dispensation of things to men on the earth; these personages, according to Abraham's record, are called God the first, the Creator; God the second, the Redeemer; and God the third, the witness or Testator."  (Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p.190)
. The nature of their unity: each one of them is as much a God as the other two, and they act following a perfect division of responsibilities

. The difference between them: one became the Son by receiving an earthly body through the first member of the Godhead; and the third member still does not have a body of flesh and bones

The doctrines of Justification and Sanctification: (30-31)

"An act that is justified by the Spirit is one that is sealed by the Holy Spirit of Promise, or in other words, ratified and approved by the Holy Ghost. This law of justification is the provision the Lord has placed in the gospel to assure that no unrighteous performance will be binding on earth and in heaven, and that no person will add to his position or glory in the hereafter by gaining an unearned blessing.

As with all other doctrines of salvation, justification is available because of the atoning sacrifice of Christ, but it becomes operative in the life of an individual only on conditions of personal righteousness."    (Elder Bruce R. McConkie, Mormon Doctrine, p.408)


"To be sanctified is to become clean, pure, and spotless; to be free from the blood and sins of the world; to become a new creature of the Holy Ghost, one whose body has been renewed by the rebirth of the Spirit. Sanctification is a state of saintliness, a state attained only by conformity to the laws and ordinances of the gospel. The plan of salvation is the system and means provided whereby men may sanctify their souls and thereby become worthy of a celestial inheritance."   (Elder Bruce R. McConkie, Mormon Doctrine, p.675-676)

"We consider that God has created man with a mind capable of instruction, and a faculty which may be enlarged in proportion to the heed and diligence given to the light communicated from heaven to the intellect; and that the nearer man approaches perfection, the clearer are his views, and the greater his enjoyments, till he has overcome the evils of his life and lost every desire for sin; and like the ancients, arrives at that point of faith where he is wrapped in the power and glory of his Maker and is caught up to dwell with Him.

But we consider that this is a station to which no man ever arrived in a moment: he must have been instructed in the government and laws of that kingdom by proper degrees, until his mind is capable in some measure of comprehending the propriety, justice, equality, and consistency of the same."  (Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p.51)

Falling from grace (32-34) Requirements for baptism:  (37) A few duties of the Elders of the Church (41,43,45) The duties of the different offices of the priesthood--as of April 6, 1830 (28-60) No one can be ordained without the vote of the congregation (65)

Duties of the members of the Church:  (68-70)

        Pres. Boyd K. Packer: Ordinances (1980)

        Brother Martins' essays:

Baptism - form and prayer (72-74)

Sacrament meetings should be held often (75)

Sacrament prayers (77, 79)

The Orders of the Priesthood (D&C 107:1, 5-8, 18-20)
Bro. Martins' Diagram of the Orders of the Priesthood

Comparisons Among the Duties of the Offices of the Priesthood

  Elder Priest Teacher Deacon
Preach   x    
Confirm x      
Teach x x x x
Expound x x x x
Exhort x x x x
Watch x   x  
Warn     x x
Visit   x    

A Few Dictionary Definitions

preach: to proclaim or put forth in a sermon; ... to urge acceptance or compliance; to deliver a sermon; to give religious or moral instruction, especially in a tedious manner

confirm: to make firmer; to strengthen; to make valid or binding by a formal or legal act; to ratify; implies the removal of all doubt about something considered uncertain or tentative

teach: to impart knowledge or skill; to condition to a certain action or frame of mind; to cause to learn by example or experience; to carry on instruction on a regular basis; to give instruction, especially as an occupation

expound: to give a detailed statement of; to set forth; to explain in detail; to elucidate

exhort: to urge by strong, often stirring argument, admonition, advice, or appeal; to make urgent appeal; (synonym in "urge": to constrain or impel to action)

watch: to look or observe attentively or carefully; to be closely observant; to guard; to observe the course of mentally; to keep up on, or informed about; to tend

warn: to make aware in advance of actual or potential harm, danger, or evil; to admonish as to actions or manners; to notify a person to go or to stay away; to notify or apprise in advance

This list is by no means comprehensive; its purpose is just to initiate a deeper analysis of the duties.

Priesthood Organization in the Church (simplified)
(Doctrine and Covenants 107:21-27, 30)

Priesthood Organization - 2019

President Russell M. Nelson

Women's Access to the Priesthood (emphasis added)
Conference Report, Women's Session - October 2018
More regular time in the temple will allow the Lord to teach you how to draw upon His priesthood power with which you have been endowed in His temple.

For those of you who don’t live near a temple, I invite you to study prayerfully about temples in the scriptures and in the words of living prophets.

Seek to know more, to understand more, to feel more about temples than you ever have before.

Bro. Martins' Essays:
Section 21

The gifts of the President of the Church (1)

The members of the Church must receive the words of the President in patience and faith (5-6)

Questions for Review

1. How do people become carnal and devilish? (20:20)

2. What is "Justification"?  (20:30; Elder Bruce R. McConkie)

3. What is "Sanctification"?  (20:31; 
Elder Bruce R. McConkie)

4. Can even those who have strong testimonies of the gospel still fail or falter in their faith and obedience? (20:32)

5. In the event of extenuating circumstances would it be possible for people to be secretly set apart to Church offices, without the vote of their wards or branches? (20:65)

6. What should members of the Church do in regards to their newborn children? (20:70)

7. The Lord said that we must receive his word through his prophet in ............ (21:5)

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